Fill in the blank. Use the full command syntax.
The ___ command displays the VLAN assignment for all ports as well as the existing VLANs on the switch.
What is a disadvantage of using router-on-a-stick inter-VLAN routing?
Router-on-a-stick inter-VLAN routing does not scale beyond 50 VLANs. The router can receive VLAN-tagged packets and send VLAN-tagged packets to a destination. Router-on-a-stick inter-VLAN routing can utilize a single router interface as a trunk link to receive and forward VLAN traffic and does not require multiple interfaces.
When a Cisco switch receives untagged frames on a 802.1Q trunk port, which VLAN ID is the traffic switched to by default?
A native VLAN is used to forward untagged frames that are received on a Cisco switch 802.1Q trunk port. Untagged frames that are received on a trunk port are not forwarded to any other VLAN except the native VLAN.
Refer to the exhibit. Router RA receives a packet with a source address of 192.168.1.35 and a destination address of 192.168.1.85. What will the router do with this packet?
The IP address 192.168.1.85 belongs to network 192.168.1.64/27. The valid host addresses in this network include 192.168.1.65 to 192.168.1.94. The IP address configured for the subinterface of Fa0/1.2 is in the same network, which serves as the default gateway for the VLAN 2.
Open the PT Activity. Perform the tasks in the activity instructions and then answer the question.
Which PCs will receive the broadcast sent by PC-C?
Only hosts in the same VLAN as PC-C (VLAN 20) will receive the broadcast. The trunk links will carry the broadcast to ALS2 where it will be send to PC-D and PC-E, which are also in VLAN 20. PC-A, PC-B, and PC-F are not in the same VLAN as PC-C. This information can be verified by issuing the show vlan and show interfaces trunk commands.
What must the network administrator do to remove Fast Ethernet port fa0/1 from VLAN 2 and assign it to VLAN 3?
A high school uses VLAN15 for the laboratory network and VLAN30 for the faculty network. What is required to enable communication between these two VLANs while using the router-on-a-stick approach?
With router-on-a-stick, inter-VLAN routing is performed by a router with a single router interface that is connected to a switch port configured with trunk mode. Multiple subinterfaces, each configured for a VLAN, can be configured under the single physical router interface. Switches can have ports that are assigned to different VLANs, but communication between those VLANs requires routing function from the router. A multilayer switch is not used in a router-on-a-stick approach to inter-VLAN routing.
What is a characteristic of legacy inter-VLAN routing?
Multiple VLANs are supported with legacy inter-VLAN routing, but each VLAN requires its own Ethernet router link. Ethernet ports are limited on a router. That is why the router-on-a-stick model evolved. The user VLAN should never be the same number as the management VLAN and using a Layer 3 switch as a router is a modern technique, not a legacy one.
Which type of VLAN is used to designate which traffic is untagged when crossing a trunk port?
A native VLAN is the VLAN that does not receive a VLAN tag in the IEEE 802.1Q frame header. Cisco best practices recommend the use of an unused VLAN (not a data VLAN, the default VLAN of VLAN 1, or the management VLAN) as the native VLAN whenever possible.
Refer to the exhibit. A network administrator needs to configure router-on-a-stick for the networks that are shown. How many subinterfaces will have to be created on the router if each VLAN that is shown is to be routed and each VLAN has its own subinterface?
Based on the IP addresses and masks given, the PC, printer, IP phone, and switch management VLAN are all on different VLANs. This situation will require four subinterfaces on the router.
A small college uses VLAN 10 for the classroom network and VLAN 20 for the office network. What is needed to enable communication between these two VLANs while using legacy inter-VLAN routing?
With legacy inter-VLAN routing, different physical router interfaces are connected to different physical switch ports. The switch ports that connect to the router are in access mode, each belonging to a different VLAN. Switches can have ports that are assigned to different VLANs, but communication between VLANs requires routing function from the router.
Which two characteristics match extended range VLANs? (Choose two.)
Which four steps are needed to configure a voice VLAN on a switch port? (Choose four)
Refer to the exhibit. In what switch mode should port G0/1 be assigned if Cisco best practices are being used?
Port Fa0/11 on a switch is assigned to VLAN 30. If the command no switchport access vlan 30 is entered on the Fa0/11 interface, what will happen?
a0/11 on a switch is assigned to VLAN 30. If the command no switchport access vlan 30 is entered on the Fa0/11 interface, what will happen?
Refer to the exhibit. DLS1 is connected to another switch, DLS2, via a trunk link. A host that is connected to DLS1 is not able to communicate to a host that is connected to DLS2, even though they are both in VLAN 99. Which command should be added to Fa0/1 on DLS1 to correct the problem?
When configuring 802.1Q trunk links, the native VLAN must match on both sides of the link, or else CDP error messages will be generated, and traffic that is coming from or going to the native VLAN will not be handled correctly.
Match the IEEE 802.1Q standard VLAN tag field with the descriptions. (Not all options are used.)
Refer to the exhibit. A router-on-a-stick configuration was implemented for VLANs 15, 30, and 45, according to the show running-config command output. PCs on VLAN 45 that are using the 172.16.45.0 /24 network are having trouble connecting to PCs on VLAN 30 in the 172.16.30.0 /24 network. Which error is most likely causing this problem?
The subinterface GigabitEthernet 0/0.30 has an IP address that does not correspond to the VLAN addressing scheme. The physical interface GigabitEthernet 0/0 does not need an IP address for the subinterfaces to function. Subinterfaces do not require the no shutdown command.
What happens to a port that is associated with VLAN 10 when the administrator deletes VLAN 10 from the switch?
If the VLAN that is associated with a port is deleted, the port becomes inactive and cannot communicate with the network any more. To verify that a port is in an inactive state, use the show interfaces switchport command.
What are three primary benefits of using VLANs? (Choose three.)
Security, cost reduction, and improved IT staff efficiency are all benefits of using VLANs, along with higher performance, broadcast storm mitigation, and simpler project and application management. End users are not usually aware of VLANs, and VLANs do require configuration. Because VLANs are assigned to access ports, they do not reduce the number of trunk links.
A Cisco switch currently allows traffic tagged with VLANs 10 and 20 across trunk port Fa0/5. What is the effect of issuing a switchport trunk allowed vlan 30 command on Fa0/5?
The switchport trunk allowed vlan 30 command allows traffic that is tagged with VLAN 30 across the trunk port. Any VLAN that is not specified in this command will not be allowed on this trunk port.
A network administrator is determining the best placement of VLAN trunk links. Which two types of point-to-point connections utilize VLAN trunking? (Choose two.)
VLAN trunk links are used to allow all VLAN traffic to propagate between devices such as the link between a switch and a server that has an 802.1Q-capable NIC. Switches can also utilize trunk links to routers, servers, and to other switches.
Which command is used to remove only VLAN 20 from a switch?
The command no vlan vlan-id is used to remove a particular VLAN from a switch. The delete vlan.dat and delete flash:vlan.dat commands will remove all VLANs after reloading the switch.
Refer to the exhibit. PC-A and PC-B are both in VLAN 60. PC-A is unable to communicate with PC-B. What is the problem?
Because PC-A and PC-B are connected to different switches, traffic between them must flow over the trunk link. Trunks can be configured so that they only allow traffic for particular VLANs to cross the link. In this scenario, VLAN 60, the VLAN that is associated with PC-A and PC-B, has not been allowed across the link, as shown by the output of show interfaces trunk.
When configuring a router as part of a router-on-a-stick inter-VLAN routing topology, where should the IP address be assigned?
The IP address and the encapsulation type should be assigned to each router subinterface in a router-on-a-stick inter-VLAN topology.